Armies of Liberation

Jane Novak's blog about Yemen

Yemen rented electric generators for more than their purchase price

Filed under: Corruption, Electric — by Jane Novak at 10:06 am on Sunday, September 30, 2012

Every ministry is like this, the sums are enormous, but without holding anyone accountable (all crimes were forgiven in the amnesty), there is little incentive to change practices or be more transparent. Also this scam (where generators were rented for greater than the amount of purchase, and the funds allocated exceeded the amount billed) is coming to light via the SEMC not COCAO or SNACC.

The strain on the majority of the populace which lacks of electricity is tremendous. For the origins of the electric shortage, mismanagement and overt theft of allocated funds, see my category Electric. Its also pathetic that all these scandals are only receiving serious scrutiny years after I first wrote about them, whether its the Port of Aden, the oil smuggling, the LNG deal, the diversion of medical supplies; the point being grand corruption was never a secret, and the starvation now is not due to a lack of aid or money but corruption and malfeasance.

Economists and journalists accuse Minister of Electricity and energy of tampering funds allocated for providing power

The Studies and Economic Media center (SEMC) has urged the Yemeni government to uphold transparency in clenching power purchase contracts to offset the electricity shortage across the country.

The Center criticized the violations committed by the government when it bought a total of 60 megawatts over the past few months at the price of of 35.5 million to offset electricity shortage in Aden for two years.

The amount, which is much higher than the real value of the leased generators generating the purchased power, also includes 3.5 million in insurance to be paid for maintenance and fuel, it highlighted. It pointed out that the power bills handed over to Aden port and free zone customs authorities amounted to only 10 million while the value of the purchased power stood at 35.5 million dollars. (Read on …)

Yemen shells Taiz City protest square, some electricity returns to Yemen with Saleh

Filed under: Electric, Protest Fatalities, Taiz, Yemen, protests — by Jane Novak at 12:50 am on Friday, September 23, 2011

The electricity returned with the ever irrational Saleh as he prepares to make a televised speech to the nation.

The butcher Saleh calls for a cease fire to the violence that his loyalist forces began and are perpetuating. Well over a hundred unarmed demonstrators were killed across Yemen this week by sniper fire and shelling on the protest squares. ( The NYT and some diplos seem to blame the protesters for marching out of the square, the blood is on the hands of those with the guns, not the murder victims.) There was ample evidence to bring Saleh to the Hague on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity by 2009.

AJE : Pro-Saleh forces Friday shelled buildings in Taiz, Yemen’s second-biggest city. Heavy clashes and thuds of mortars were also heard throughout the night in Sanaa into morning Friday. One person was killed overnight after mortars hit the square in central Sanaa where protesters demanding Sale’s ouster have been camped out for months, a medical official said on condition of anonymity.

Be prepared for the coming propaganda onslaught where black is white. I guess Im going to have to fully fix the website.

The best news this week before the toxic reappearance of the revenant Saleh was new political party organization in the squares, late but important and yet another reason why the GCC plan and Obama’s call for speedy elections are counter-productive and will only re-entrench the regime. This is a related article and overview from a Yemeni perspective: Yemen’s young people are the country’s brightest hope.

Young Shiekhs of Marib Yemen issue Youtube denying electricity sabotage

Filed under: Electric, Marib, Yemen, photos/gifs, protest statements — by Jane Novak at 11:35 pm on Sunday, August 21, 2011

In the following video, young Marib Sheikhs pledge not to attack the electricity infrastructure and deny the regime’s allegations that their attacks casued the blackouts. A delegation from Change Square went to talk to them about the issue and the state’s propaganda. Note the temple of Bilqis in the background. The structure shows inscriptions and construction from the 7th to 2nd Century BC. Yemen is among the most continually settled places in the world.

Four children die in house fire as Yemeni cities remain in blackout

Filed under: Electric, Sana'a — by Jane Novak at 8:16 am on Wednesday, August 3, 2011

What a sad story. Power cuts resumed after the UN envoy left Yemen. Read the full story at Yemen Rights Monitor: Four children died and a fifth child was injured on Monday evening due to a fire breaking out in a house in Safya district in Sana’a casued by a candle that was used by the family as a result of the continuous power cuts in the various cities of Yemen.

Fuel shortages, blackouts add pressure in Yemen

Filed under: Electric, LNG, Oil, Water, Yemen, protests — by Jane Novak at 8:03 am on Thursday, May 5, 2011

Many residents believe its a pressure tactic. the JMP is also blaming the regime. Collective punishment is a usual characteristic of Saleh’s response to unrest. Others note increased rates of smuggling but this article points to a cut pipeline and roads blocked by tribesmen. It may be a lingering effect from the missile strike that killed Sheikh al Shabwani.

Gulf Times: Though Yemen’s oil exports are a modest 105,000 barrels per day, its cash-strapped government depends on the revenue to pay civil servants, its army and fund most state operations. (Read on …)

Internet wonky in Yemen, electricty cuts

Filed under: Communications, Electric, Media — by Jane Novak at 5:51 pm on Sunday, March 6, 2011

The internet is having technical difficulties authorities say in response to widespread reports of outages. Report via Al Masdar which was blocked inside Yemen last week, for spreading too much accurate information: http://bit.ly/f8oiAA (ar)

Update: Good thing there is a plan in place. al Sahwa

Facebook strictly tightened in Yemen, 7/3/2011 – Sahwa Net

Sahwa Net- While Many of Internet subscribers in Yemen have expressed sorrow as the Tel-Yemen Company in Yemen imposes restrictions on Facebook users, a number of Yemeni civil society organizations condemned the attempts of the Yemeni Parliament tries to approve communication laws which could violate freedoms and allow surveillance on citizens.

Facebook groups which witnesses hot discussions abut Yemen’s political situations nowadays face difficulties on communication, particularly those groups which belong to opposition parties.

On Sunday and Monday, Internet service was blocked in Sana’a and some other Yemen governorates for several hours.

Yemeni WiFi

Filed under: Communications, Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 12:58 pm on Tuesday, February 1, 2011

2/2/2011

http://yemenonline.info/news-1880.html

Al-Basha computer company has issued a new product which is linked to a wireless service in cooperation with Yemen Mobile company to surf the Internet on line anywhere..any time in Yemen. The estimated speed of the new internet service is Mbps 2.4 using a small device (Flash desk) with a program that installs automatically to your computer which makes you ready to start a great online speed service for the first time in Yemen.

Atomic Engergy Commission in Yemen under investigation

Filed under: Corruption, Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 1:48 pm on Monday, December 20, 2010

a google translation obviously

al Hadath: Attorney General released on Monday Secretary General of the National Commission for Atomic Energy to ensure the presence and charged after his arrest yesterday on the back of his expulsion of the Group of the Public Authority for the fight against corruption and close the doors of the building .. (Read on …)

Why would southerners sabatoge their electrical stations?

Filed under: Civil Society, Electric, South Yemen, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:29 am on Wednesday, July 14, 2010

This is from the 8th but I need to get it into the archives.

Arab News: SANAA: A third power station in southern Yemen caught fire on Thursday after two others were engulfed in flames earlier in the week in what the government said were attacks by secessionists. (Read on …)

Ministry of Electricity Used $13 Million of $1 Billion Donated

Filed under: A-INFRASTRUCTURE, Donors, UN, Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:01 pm on Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Paperwork too much to tackle.

Yemen Post: The Ministry of Electricity and Energy has not yet drawn down all donor funds estimated at more than $ 1 billion allocated before and during the 2006 London Donor Conference for the power sector in Yemen, an official who asked not to be named told the News Yemen on Thursday. (Read on …)

Yemeni Ministries Owe YR Billions in Electric Bills

Filed under: Corruption, Electric, Yemen, govt budget — by Jane Novak at 10:14 pm on Monday, January 18, 2010

A government that operates so far above the law that it doesnt pay its own electric bills is going to have difficulty with reforms. Yemen Observer

YEMEN – The Ministry of Electricity, in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance and Justice, has a plan to reduce its debts, collecting more than YR20 billion from individuals and institutions, said Awad al-Socatri, Minister of Electricity and Power at a press conference in Sana’a Sunday evening. (Read on …)

Al Jawf in Yemen, 4% Electricity

Filed under: Communications, Electric, Transportation, Tribes, al Jawf — by Jane Novak at 3:41 pm on Friday, August 21, 2009

This is a very good report on Al Jawf. Similiarly, the Sa’ada War has roots in the overall failure by the central government to promote development due to massive corruption.

SABA Jawf, forgotten governorate 1-3

[20/August/2009] By: Faez al-Makhrafi, Translated by: Mahmoud Assamiee

JAWF, August 20- ( Saba)- A visitor of Jawf governorate, 170 kilometers northeast of the capital Sana’a, is surprised seeing women with a belt of bullets on their waists for the arms they carry. In this governorate you can see everybody, men, women and even children carry weapons on their backs.

Local officials say that Jawf is only a big building for the governorate affairs (without basic services and development) though 47 years have passed since realizing Yemeni revolution on 26 of September 1962. They said the governorate is only a “basket for concerns, and a tragic image of negligence.” (Read on …)

Electricity in Yemen

Filed under: Electric, Marib, Trials, Yemen-Economy — by Jane Novak at 5:31 pm on Sunday, August 2, 2009

Yemen Post

Informed sources at the Ministry of Electricity revealed that the official launch of the gas-powered station in Mareb will be postponed for few days due to numerous problems. (Read on …)

Statistics on Electricity in Yemen

Filed under: Demographics, Economic, Electric, South Yemen, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 7:32 am on Saturday, June 13, 2009

Half of Yemen has no electricity and summer is here. There’s already some deaths reported. Black-outs are several times a day. It all goes back to corruption and mismanagement.

The National

Yemen’s total production of power is 650 megawatts, and the electricity ministry purchases about 200 megawatts from international companies to address part of the shortfall, according to the ministry. (Read on …)

Blackouts Compound Water Shortage

Filed under: Demographics, Electric, Water — by Jane Novak at 4:05 pm on Wednesday, May 20, 2009

One crisis exacerbates another: Yemen Observer:

Water supply for subscribers in the Capital Secretariat of Sana’a has decreased by 30-40 % as a result of a stop of more than 85 water pumps due to electric blackouts. Pumps stop working between 7-10 hours per day. If the situation were to continue, every neighborhood would get water once every 8-9 days, said a source at the Public Corporation for Water and Sanitation.

The Corporation is working hard to reduce this problem that represents more than 22 thousand cubic meter of water daily. The issue of water shortage in Sana’a in particular has worsened in the past few years due to several factors, the most important of which is groundwater depletion as a result of incorrect irrigation methods and qat growing.

Official statistics show that only 50 percent of Sana’a’s population, 2 million people, can be supplied with water. Just under 50 percent of people living in other Yemeni governorates can get clean drinking water. However, houses in many areas of Yemen are not originally provided with water supply service. In addition, some studies estimate that the stored water of Sana’a governorate will be exhausted in the next 10 to 15 years.

The World Health Organization (WHO) also highlights the health consequences of water scarcity, such as diarrheal diseases including cholera, typhoid fever and salmonellosis. Lack of potable water is also a common cause of food poisoning, other gastrointestinal viruses and dysentery.

Iran Pays 60 Million to Yemen’s Energy Ministry

Filed under: A-INFRASTRUCTURE, Corruption, Electric, Iran, Ministries, Yemen, govt budget — by Jane Novak at 10:54 am on Sunday, April 26, 2009

A funky little story about the Marib gas power station project, but not so odd following the scandal surrounding nuclear project and the later Latin Node. No mention of exactly where the 60 mill is at the moment.

Sahwa Net – An Iranian company ( the Persian ) have reimbursed the Yemeni Electricity and Energy Ministry $ 60 million for violating the agreement terms signed with Yemen’s ministry , according to well-informed sources. The sources said that the Iranian firm bought transformers with bad quality, violating the agreement of Marib Gas Power Station Project.

More at the Yemen Post: apparently it was well known that the Iranian firm substituted an Indian generator instead of the agreed upon Sieman’s. (Read on …)

Indian Power Plant in Yemen Stalls

Filed under: Business, Electric, India, Investment, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 12:08 pm on Wednesday, April 15, 2009

LM

New Delhi: India’s largest power generation company, NTPC Ltd, says its plans to set up power projects and a training centre for local engineers in Yemen—from where it wants to source gas for its fuel-starved plants back home—have run into trouble following a dispute over the cost of maintaining existing facilities in that country. (Read on …)

Hyundai Unable to Complete Electricty Project in Yemen

Filed under: Donors, UN, Electric, Investment — by Jane Novak at 1:44 pm on Sunday, February 22, 2009

SABA

Hyundai fines PEC $1 .7 million

SANA’A, Feb. 22 (Saba) – The Public Electricity Corporation PEC has paid a fine of $ 1.7 million for the Korean Hyundai Company which is currently implementing the Sana’a-Mareb electricity distribution network, a source at the corporation has confirmed. (Read on …)

Yemeni Central Security Forces’ Outright Theft of Land Without Compensation

Filed under: A-GEOGRAPHY/ Land, Business, Civil Rights, Corruption, Electric, Local gov, Security Forces, land disputes — by Jane Novak at 1:55 am on Tuesday, February 3, 2009

The poor people. The state comes, knocks down your house and sells your land for a park, and there’s nothing to do about it because the authorities you would appeal to are the ones driving the backhoe.

The concentration of land “ownership” substantial and growing due to the daily confiscation of private property. Its not just political and commercial monopolies.

Yemen Post: Dozens of families in the western province of Hudaida have been left homeless after backhoes that were guarded by many troops destroyed their homes in a north area in the province. Websites said that the area was largely devastated as the backhoes eliminated everything; the people’s homes along with all properties at them.

The people in the area were shocked because they were not notified before that such measure would be taken.

As the backhoes were accompanied by many troops from the Central Security Forces, the appeals of the people were met by oppression.

Influential officials tried many times before to take over our lands in this area and displace us but they failed and now they came supported by government orders to do so, people in the area said. (Read on …)

Electricity

Filed under: Electric — by Jane Novak at 7:18 pm on Saturday, August 9, 2008

Yemen Post

In its report, the Local Authority and Services Committee at Shoura Council revealed that 43 percent of Yemen’s population are still deprived of electricity.

The average electricity consumption for a Yemeni person does not exceed 400 kilowatts per hour. In addition, half of major power plants lifespan have either ended or are about to end.

According to the report, the existing power stations, including private sector’s stations, working by oil derivatives cost 1,200 percent higher than the cost of generating with natural gas.

The committee disclosed that Ras Katheeb Steam Station has well passed its virtual work age, and is not able anymore to work in the future, adding that the Unit II in the station had completed 70,701 working hours on December 31, 2007. The third unit completed 81,036 of use during the same date; while both stations have not been maintained yet.

However, the report indicated that the quantity of gas available is 1.2 trillion cubic feet which is less than the required quantity demanded for the two power stations in Safer.

“Electricity power is one of the basic requirements for achieving economic and social development, revitalizing private investments and human development, industrial sector development and other economic services,” pointed out Parliament Member Naji Ahmed Ateeq.

“It provides people with an indirect role in creating employment and poverty alleviation. It also reduces burden on women, especially in rural areas,” he added.

According to the Local Authority and Services Committee, the capital Sana’a came in first place as for consumption with 250,000 homes linked. However, the committee pointed out the Electricity Corporation finds big difficulties in getting influential people and Sheikhs to pay their electricity bills, as some bills have reached over a half million YR. (Read on …)

Sa’ada

Filed under: Electric, Saada War, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 7:34 pm on Friday, August 1, 2008

Two generators in Saada to reinforce main station power
SABA

[28 July 2008]

SANA’A, July 28 (Saba) – Under the urgent solutions to reconstruct Saada governorate, two power generators amounting to $1.2 million arrived in Saada on Monday to reinforce the power of the main station of Qahzah.

The two generators that generate 3,000 KW of power would contribute to raise the station’s capacity that would activate the development process in the governorate, Saada governor Hassan Mana’a said during his visit to the station.

Mana’a expressed his gratitude to the station administration and staff as they kept on feeding the governorate with power in spite of the exceptional circumstances the governorate has witnessed.

The new generators will enter service in two weeks, the Deputy Minister of Electricity Adel Thamaran said, adding that they would cover 50 percent of the Station’s power deficit.

He said that the ministry has commenced several procedures to strengthen the power capacity in the province such as purchasing spare parts for generators at the station to be backed to service at a cost of $ 750,000 in a month.

The ministry has also put a tender for a project to establish another power station with a capacity of 15 MW at a cost of $ 20 Million, Thamaran said.

IRIN

SANAA, 28 July 2008 (IRIN) – Thousands of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Saada Governorate, northern Yemen, have not been able to return home after their houses were destroyed in recent fighting between government forces and Shia rebels, local sources have said.

The long-running conflict, which started in 2004, has left hundreds dead and thousands displaced.

“There are still thousands displaced because their houses were destroyed,” Salem Mohammed, an IDP in Saada city, told IRIN. He said some IDPs were worried fighting could flare up again and preferred to stay in the six IDP camps which have been set up in and around Saada city, or with host families.

The destruction of farms and infrastructure during the recent fighting, which began in May and lasted 70 days, had also driven many farmworkers from the land, aid agencies said.

Most government officials in Saada were unwilling to comment, but Saada Governor Hassan Manna said 70 percent of the displaced families had returned to their homes over the past few days.

Sporadic clashes

Meanwhile, some people in Saada city told IRIN minor clashes had erupted between followers of Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, the Shia rebel leader, and government forces in the mountains.

Al-Houthi’s Information Office on 26 July said the army had opened fire on a pregnant woman and killed her as she tended sheep in Allaf Valley. In a separate statement on 24 July, it said the army had opened fire on displaced families returning to their homes, killing one person and injuring another. The army had also shot dead a child while he was tending sheep in Bani Moaath District, it said.

The Information Office has denied press reports that two Sunni mosques were destroyed by al-Houthi fighters in Dahyan District. According to local media, the two mosques were destroyed on 23 July by armed men. The authorities have not commented on the destruction of the mosques.

Cabinet forms committee

On 22 July the Cabinet formed a committee, chaired by Local Administration Minister Abdul-Qader Hilal, to assess the damage and reconstruction efforts in Saada Governorate.

At a meeting on 27 July the committee formed two teams – one to assess damage to private property, and the other to assess damage to public utilities.

Hilal said development projects, which had stalled since 2004, would start in areas not affected by the fighting, and that reconstruction was contingent on peace and stability.

Steel Mill in Yemen, 1 Bil Investment from Al-Tawairqi

Filed under: Electric, Investment, Saudi Arabia, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:17 pm on Friday, April 11, 2008

The power plant is just to run the steel mill.

Middle East Online

ISTANBUL – Saudi Arabia’s Al-Tuwairqi group confirmed on Tuesday it planned to invest $1 billion in Yemen to build steel and power plants.

Chairman Hilal Al-Tuwairqi said on the sidelines of a steel conference the Yemen steel plant would have a capacity of 5 million tonnes of liquid steel.

“In addition to that, we will build a rolling mill which will produce 1 million tonnes of rebar annually,” he said.

The investment would include installation of a power plant as Yemen lacked the necessary infrastructure, he said.

Yemen’s official news agency, Saba, reported the scale of the investment on March 31 but gave no details of the plants.

Al-Tuwairqi said he expected the plants to be operational by 2011.

Iran to power Marib Gas Plant

Filed under: Diplomacy, Electric, Iran, LNG, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:23 am on Monday, March 24, 2008

Hasn’t this been under construction for like five years?

Iran, Yemen Discuss Power Cooperation

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian deputy power minister and his visiting Yemeni counterpart in a meeting here in Tehran explored avenues for implementing an agreement held earlier by the two sides on energy cooperation.

According to the agreement signed between the Iranian Transport Stations Company and Yemen Electricity Corporation, the Iranian company would provide assistance in supplying power to the Marib Gas Power Station project.

Also during the meeting, the Yemeni deputy minister handed over a letter from his country’s Electricity and Energy Minister Mustafa Bahran to Iran’s Power Minister Parviz Fattah underlining the need for mutual cooperation in the field of electricity.

Yemen’s Past Due USD 7.5 Million Electricity Bill

Filed under: Electric, Ministries, Other Countries, Yemen, govt budget — by Jane Novak at 11:23 pm on Sunday, February 24, 2008

Its just going to get worse as oil revenue continues to decrease. From the Yemen Observer

News of a British company’s intention to cut off the electricity supply to some governorates was denied by Dr. Mustafa Buhran, Minister of Electricity and Energy. The Minister confirmed that the published news goes back to a previous dispute, and was obtained by a newspaper correspondent who either negligently published it, or published it with the intention of creating public unrest.

The Minister declined to speak about the agreement’s details, yet he mentioned that the agreement regarding electricity lease contracts was signed by the previous government, adding that the issue of debts had been dealt with.

Sources from the electricity corporation spoke of contracts with a temporary, off-shore electricity company for the sum of $3.5 million per month, to deal with current shortages.

Media news said that the British electricity-generating company had threatened the Yemeni electricity ministry with disconnecting the supply to six cities if they did not pay the outstanding amount owing of $7.5 million. Reports spoke of a British company by the name of Jericho, that has been supplying parts of Aden governorate, Hodeidah, Hadramout, Amran, Taiz and Sayoun with electricity according to a contract between the company and the ministry for the past year.

Sources attributed the company’s measures to the Yemeni corporation’s failure to pay the sum of YR1.5 billion ($7.5 million) for electricity supply for the months of December and January.

Some reports disclosed that the Yemeni Ministry of Electricity and Energy and its corporation are suffering hard times, as evidenced by their failure to pay the British company, which sells huge amounts of electricity used in lighting and operating industrial plants in the previously mentioned areas.

Critics of the electricity ministry said that it could have supplied these cities with power by building two generating stations at the cost of $60 million, instead of paying that same amount to the British company for a one year supply.

Yemen suffers a 30 percent deficit in electricity supply, due to the expansion of urban areas in addition to the demand for energy from rural areas and projects. It signed a contract with the British company in mid-2006 to supply the six areas with power.

Dr. Buhran told the Parliament that the Ministry’s revenues do not cover the cost of electricity production, because the revenue rate is less than 25 percent of the cost. “The government pays a subsidy to cover this deficit,” the Minister said.

Nuclear Commission

Filed under: Electric, Ministries, Yemen, smuggling — by Jane Novak at 9:51 pm on Sunday, December 23, 2007

SABA

Plan to protect Yemen from radiations not to be implemented yet

[15 December 2007]

SANA’A, Dec. 15 (Saba) – The Customs Authority’s head Ali al-Zabidi has called on the National Atomic Energy Commission (NAEC) to implement its part in the agreement the two bodies signed at the beginning of 2007 on carrying out a plan to protect the country from the risks of radiation sources that may enter the Yemeni lands illegally.

He told Saba that the plan, which was scheduled to be implemented in collaboration with the NAEC, security authorities and coastguards, aimed at setting up updated apparatuses able to control strictly
land, marine and air outlets and to prevent any attempts of smuggling nuclear and radioactive materials.

Under the agreement, the NAEC should provide the authority with modern apparatuses and training the authority’s cadre on the use of them to thwart any smuggling of radioactive materials into the
Yemeni lands, but the agreement has not implemented yet, al-Zabidi said.

Russia- Yemen

Filed under: Electric, LNG, Russia, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:36 pm on Tuesday, December 18, 2007

I was surprised to learn Russia is Yemen’s biggest creditor country.

How many years has it been that the regime is planning and publicizing another power station in Marib, four year?

Yemen Observer

The distinguished political relations between Yemen and Russia must be reflected at the level of economic relations and investment, said Sallah Mohamed Said al-Attar, Chairman of the General Authority for Investment. He called on Russian businessmen to invest in the energy field in Yemen, which is suffering from a large deficit.

“We must exploit the surge of financial power in Russia and due to the high prices of oil and gas invite Russian companies to work in Yemen,” said al-Attar during a meeting with a delegation of Russian businessmen.

Al-Attar said that the production of electrical power in Yemen would reach 1600 megawatts after a second electrical station in Marib has been opened which will produce 320-400 megawatts. Electricity gas stations will be established with a capacity of up to 800 megawatts, and there is a government direction to build five lines of liquefied gas from Marib to Ma’abar providing energy production. (Read on …)

Total has an Idea: Electricty!

Filed under: Electric, LNG, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:15 am on Wednesday, December 12, 2007

There’s ten trillion cubic feet of confirmed natural gas reserves in Yemen of which Total pre-sold (to its own subsidiary and other corporate partners like South Korea) nine trillion cubic feet. The sale prices are below market levels according to South Korea.

Much of the gas was then resold by Total and the South Koreans to the US market for future delivery. Now we all know the money from the proceeds of the gas sales will probably be siphoned off, if you will excuse the pun, and never fund basic services for the Yemeni people.

But there still should be one trillion cubic feet of LNG for the domestic market in Yemen. (Although the domestic market needs much more for electricity, not to mention water desalinization.) So is Total doing some kind of favor to the people in Shabwa here with their “good idea”? Local electricity should have been a priority, not an afterthought. I think Total may be ripping off the gas at cheep prices, destroying the coral and fishing areas in Balhaf, and kicking back to everyone except the people who lost their livelihoods, homes, and ages.

SANA’A, NewsYemen

The Ministry of Oil and Minerals said that the French Total Company has adopted an idea to make use of gas at block 10 in Shabwa.

Total proposed that gas at block 10 in Shabwa might be used in generating electricity with capacity of 130 MW, in partnership with the ministry, said the undersecretary of the Ministry of Oil and Minerals Abdul-Malik Na’ama. He said that Total’s idea based on using 50 MW of such capacity to operate private institutions and selling other 80 MW for the Ministry of Electricity.

The Total also suggested to establish a gas station to produce cooking gas to reduce the current gas crisis and facing any future gas shortage, Na’ama told NewsYemen.

The project of gas station is underway and it may be ready after one month, he added.

Elite Capture of Natural Resources

Filed under: Civil Unrest, Electric, Employment, Oil, Trials, Water, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 7:24 pm on Friday, November 23, 2007

SANA’A, NewsYemen

Oil and gas have provoked protests amongst people in oil-rich Yemeni provinces of Marib and Shabwa as people there ask the government and oil companies for 10 percent of oil and gas revenues and more attention.

Hundreds of citizens in Marib gathered on Tuesday to complain environmental pollution, the need of farmers who depend upon diesel for the State support. They demanded employments in military and civil institutions and oil companies, scholarships of different specializations as well as increasing the number of beneficiaries from social security.

The protesters demanded in their statement compensations for farmers affected by oil and gas contamination.

The protesters formed a committee comprising 54 sheikhs, social figures and law specialists to follow up meeting the requests. (Read on …)

Powered Corp Nuke Deal Dead

Filed under: Corruption, Electric, Yemen, govt budget — by Jane Novak at 8:14 pm on Thursday, November 8, 2007

Yemen Observer

Al-Anesi, the NSACA chairman, said that reacting in this way was beneath the dignity of the Electricity minister. “We sent a letter to the Cabinet telling them not to commit the country to anything in advance and we are not accusing Bahran of anything,” said al-Anesi. “The NSACA, like everybody else, read what was written in the papers about the deal and it attracted our attention. We called the stock market in the United States and asked for information on Powered Corp. and found that the company has never carried out any business in the field of building nuclear plants and its capital is only $500,000. The deal was supposed to be worth $15 billion,” he said.

According to al-Anesi, all of this information was sent to the Cabinet, which decided to cancel any deals with Powered Corp. He added that it was not in the best interest of the Minister of Electricity to further discuss the issue, as neither his post nor his name were mentioned to the Cabinet.

Nuclear Yemen Continued

Filed under: Corruption, Electric, Medical, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:51 am on Thursday, October 4, 2007

The financial assests of the corporation are extremely limited:

Yemen Times:
It all started over a year during the publicity campaign of President Saleh for the Sept 2006 presidential elections, when he first declared that Yemen has a nuclear ambition; “we will generate electricity using nuclear technology” President Saleh said. Following that declaration, Mustapha Bahran –head of the Yemeni National Atomic Energy Agency, publicized the idea in his speeches and media events, articulating how the idea of nuclear power in Yemen is doable either through outsourcing the nuclear reactor or building one on-shore, the publicity campaign continued until Bahran got promoted to the post of the Minister of Electricity, and, eventually, inked an agreement with a U.S. based company to construct Yemen’s first nuclear reactors. (Read on …)

Yemen Finalizing Nuke Deal

Filed under: Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 7:31 am on Wednesday, September 26, 2007

A comprehensive article from ISN

Yemen nuke deal may not hold
As Yemen signs a reactor deal with a US company, doubts remain whether autonomous nuclear generation is feasible in this impoverished country racked with security problems.

by Dominic Moran in Tel Aviv for ISN Security Watch (26/09/07)

Yemen signed a five-reactor deal with a US nuclear company this week, but significant doubts remain concerning the future prospects for the nascent Yemeni atomic program.

The pact with Houston-based Powered Corporation envisages the establishment of a 1,000MW reactor by 2012, with four others to follow within a decade, bolstering Yemen’s total generation capacity by 5,000MW, according to Energy and Electricity Minister Mustafa Bahran.

A US$3 million feasibility study jointly funded by Powered Corporation and the government would be quickly followed by the initiation of work on the first reactor in early 2009, Bahran told Agence France Press. He added that all atomic activities would be conducted with full oversight from the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

The agreement appears to fit into a previously announced atomic generation strategy involving the establishment of privately owned, for-profit reactors on Yemeni soil, with the state buying electricity from the generating company for an indeterminate period before purchasing the facilities. (Read on …)

Yemen Going Nuclear

Filed under: Electric, Other Countries, USA, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 3:21 pm on Tuesday, August 21, 2007

It used to be the US and Canada, now its Fwance

Yemen’s energy minister said on Sunday that international companies would build a nuclear reactor in the impoverished Arabian peninsula state, the official Saba news agency reported.

“International companies will undertake building… the nuclear reactor that Yemen aspires to own for peaceful purposes of producing electricity,” Mustafa Yahia Bahran said.

He did not give details about the plan but said nuclear power would ensure the long-term energy security of Yemen, which has few oil deposits compared to its neighbours such as OPEC powerhouse Saudi Arabia.

Yemen’s President Ali Abdullah Saleh has backed Iran’s right to acquire nuclear technology for peaceful ends.

During a visit to France in June, Saleh discussed possible cooperation over nuclear energy production with President Nicolas Sarkozy, Yemeni officials said.

10,000 Protest in Taiz

Filed under: Civil Society, Electric, Employment, JMP, Water, Yemen, poverty/ hunger — by Jane Novak at 5:16 am on Thursday, August 16, 2007

Thats quite a turn out.

News Yemen

TAIZ, NewsYemen

While leaders of opposition parties, Joint Meeting Parties, try to gather their supporters in Taiz province for more protests against what they said “price hikes, corruption and low level of services, leaders in the General People’s Congress accused them of provoking people and seeking to make riots so that investors think that Yemen is not stable.

The JMP’s office in Taiz stated that people ran to the streets to peacefully raise the slogan “No Life Without Water”, “Stop Fatal Price Hikes” and “No New Yemen With Corruption”.

The protest was safe, but some leaders in the GPC have shown anger with it, especially at the time Yemenis streets witness protests in different places of the country against different issues. (Read on …)

Unemployment at 34%, Electricity at 40%

Filed under: Demographics, Economic, Electric, Employment, Yemen, poverty/ hunger — by Jane Novak at 5:11 am on Thursday, August 16, 2007

The two billion is coming from the foreign reserves which total around 7 billion, leaving five billion. Thats a big move to liquidate about 27% of foreign reserves in one shot.

Yemen Times

- Saleh instructs using reserves for development

President Saleh stated that he has given instructions to the government to use one billion dollars of the general foreign currency reserves to Generate Electricity, and another billion dollars to provide urgent employment opportunities to reduce unemployment. This was stated at the opening session of the Agricultural cooperative conference held on the 13th.

SANA’A, Aug. 13 — The President of the Republic Ali Abdullah Saleh instructed the government last Monday to assign $ 1billion so as to accelerate producing electricity power to cover the power shortage. He also allocates another $ 1 billion to create job opportunities to the huge number of unemployed people.

Saleh pointed out to the participants of the 4th General Conference of the Cooperative agricultural Union that he is trying to solve the critical and significant situations of the shortage of electricity as well as the steadily accelerating unemployment.

“We are looking forward to come out of the conference with positive and fruitful outcomes to avoid deficit aspects which occurred during the last period”, the President said.

He also stressed that the government should seriously solve the perplexing problem of unemployment which is of high rate in Yemen.

Recent studies referred that Unemployment in Yemen increased sharply due to the government failure to improve the economic policies and enhance the life standards of Yemen. According to the 2006 annual economic report, unemployment average in Yemen has rocketed up since 2003 – 05 to 34%, which is regarded as the biggest number so far.

The report stated also that the number of young people graduating every year from universities and private institutions reaches up to 188000 graduates, while the available annual vacancies are not more than 16000 jobs.

Unemployment in Yemen is a real hassle facing the development as it has economical and social effects. The person average daily income has been affected due to the recent price hikes and the increase of unemployment. Studies conducted by both local and international institutions show that poverty is the main cause of violence and crimes.

The young people spend their time hanging around in the streets, committing violence and crimes as a result of unemployment.

The electricity, on the other hand, is not in a good condition too. Yemeni people all over the country suffer from unbearable power shortage.

“It is a received habit that the power goes off daily for one to two hours. Sometimes during the exam period the power keeps on flashing continuously and we can go with that, but in Ramadan, it is unbearable”, a 25-year-old young man working in Trust Yemen Company said.

“The President pledged during his recent electoral campaign to enhance the power shortage with nuclear power and we are still waiting”, he continued.

According to Yemen’s Public Electricity Corporation (PEC), the country’s electricity distribution network is inadequate. Currently, it is estimated that only 40 percent of the total population in Yemen have access to electricity from the national power grid. Even for those connected to the grid, electricity supply is intermittent, with rolling blackout schedules maintained in most cities. In order to meet the growing demand (up to 20 percent between 2000 and 2004) and to avert an energy crisis in the medium term, Yemen’s Electricity and Water Ministry has plans to increase the country’s power, generating capacity to 1,400 megawatts (MW) by 2010.

Al-Qaeda Strike and Nuclear Power in Yemen

Filed under: Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 6:46 am on Thursday, July 12, 2007

Now thats a good comprehensive article:

ISN:

As a fragile ceasefire takes hold in the north, an alleged al-Qaida strike has raised fresh questions concerning Yemen’s pursuit of nuclear energy.

By Dominic Moran in Tel Aviv for ISN Security Watch (09/07/07)

A recent attack on tourists near the Yemeni town of Marib underlines the ongoing threat posed by al-Qaida and tribal violence to stability and raises questions concerning the country’s nuclear pretensions.

The suicide bombing was the latest in a series of purported al-Qaida attacks and comes amid efforts to cement a fragile ceasefire to end the third Shia rebellion in the north since 2004, and as protests grow against President Ali Abdullah Saleh’s autocratic rule.

Saleh has retained a tight grip on the country since the 1994 civil war and is a close regional ally of the US. Last year he reversed an earlier decision to step down, retaining the presidency with 77.2 percent of the vote in a September ballot.

During the election campaign, Saleh announced that should he win, Yemen would be pushing ahead with plans to develop a nuclear energy capacity – viewed by most analysts as a response to wider regional concerns regarding Iranian nuclear development.

Al-Qaida
Al-Qaida-affiliated or inspired groups have appeared to maintain a significant presence among Yemen’s Sunni communities in recent years, with some analysts accusing the government of reaching secret accords with group leaders. Others emphasize the primarily domestic concerns of most Sunni fundamentalist groups.

Seven Spanish tourists and two locals died in the 2 July Marib suicide bombing, making it the deadliest attack on foreign nationals in the country since the 2000 al-Qaida bombing of the USS Cole in Aden harbor.

“It is very hard to pin down al-Qaida” involvement in such attacks, Yemen Observer editor Jennifer Steil told ISN Security Watch.

“What I have heard from diplomats, off the record, is that the government has a history of making deals with al-Qaida. And what they have done is they have allowed al-Qaida to operate training camps and to plot things in Yemen as long as they don’t carry out attacks in Yemen.”

Yemeni officials allege that an Egyptian national killed in a Thursday raid on a militant hideout in the capital Sana’a was the ringleader of the al-Qaida cell that carried out the Marib attack.

The bombing follows two foiled attacks on oil and gas facilities in 2006 and the February 2006 escape of 23 al-Qaida prisoners from a maximum security prison in Sana’a. There was also an al-Qaida-linked rebellion in Abyan Governate in 2003.

Dr Sheila Carapico, a Yemen expert at the University of Richmond, Virginia, agreed that it was extremely hard to characterize the involvement of international al-Qaida in Yemen.

Asked if the regular clashes between tribal militants and government forces were primarily related to highly localized issues, Carapico told ISN Security Watch: “Almost always. Of course you can’t say that there is not some al-Qaida dug in there messing with it but, most of them, if you could research it, [you] would find that it is more about somebody’s land or water, or a road.”

Iran-backed rebels?
The country’s Western allies agree that an inability to integrate Yemen into the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) could promote further instability on the country’s border with Saudi Arabia while encouraging the burgeoning of Iranian influence amongst Yemen’s Shia tribes.

Qatar recently brokered a ceasefire agreement to bring an end to fighting between government forces and Shia al-Houthi, which seeks the establishment of an imamate in the north.

Al-Houthi forces are concentrated in the northern city and governate of Sa’ada and are led by Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, whose brother Hussein headed the movement until his death in fighting against government forces in September 2004.

Yemeni Shia largely follow the Zaydi and Ismaili schools. The former builds its jurisprudence on the Sunni Hanafi school of Sharia. The al-Houthi are Zaydis.

Carapico explained that the spread of hard-line wahhabi tendencies into the Zaydis northern fiefdom from the 1980s led to conflicts between followers of the credos.

In the wake of the Marib attack, Saleh accused unnamed foreign interests of seeking to undermine the ceasefire agreement.

The father of the al-Houthi brothers, after whom Hussein is named, visited Iran in 1991 and in 2003 and is accused of fleeing to the Islamic Republic during the first al-Houthi rebellion in 2004.

There is no clear evidence of Iranian support for the al-Houthi rebellion, which does not enjoy the support of many Zaydis. Iran strongly denies any involvement.

Carapico opined that “at this stage any government in the region can blame Iran for anything” and in doing so is behaving “as a rational actor.”

“There is no way that Iran instigated” the al-Houthi rebellion, she said.

“Would Iran be funding this group or trying to support them in some way to influence this outpost of Zaydism and have some influence in the peninsula, where they have very little? And would the rebels want to get whatever cash they can and whatever else from Iran? I guess so,” Carapico said.

“What I have heard from several diplomats is, “Yes, there is a little bit of help but it is not significant.” That even without help from Iran and Libya these rebels had all the arms they needed,” Steil said.

Under the terms of the current ceasefire, al-Houthi militants must hand over their weapons in return for an end to government operations, with the movement’s leaders to leave the country for an indeterminate period.

Sporadic attacks continued last week with al-Houthi fighters, unhappy with the agreement, attacking government positions and abducting two soldiers.

Civil struggle
The recent violence comes amid escalating public protests.

Three separate demonstrations were held in Freedom Square in the capital Sana’a last Tuesday with students, press and health organizations and taxi drivers citing a variety of grievances ranging from the relaxation of restrictive press laws to prescription changes for kidney patients.

The protests follow the arrest and detention of a prominent government critic, the editor of Al-Shura Weekly, Abdulkarim Al-Khaiwani, on what journalistic groups say are trumped up terror charges.

One of the groups participating in Thursday’s protests, Women Journalists Without Chains, recorded 67 violations of press freedoms, including physical assaults on journalists, in their 2006 annual report, up significantly from the year before.

Steil said of the civil protest movement, “It definitely seems to me to be growing. But I remember there have always been protests here. […] These protests for freedom of the press, we have had eight in a row now.”

Importantly, a demonstration was also held last week to protest the government’s refusal to allow NGOs and political activists to visit the area of the al-Houthi rebellion. “They should have let us cover the war but they didn’t, we were not allowed to cover Sa’ada at all, there was a total media blackout,” Steil explained.

While such protests remain small-scale, they are significant in signaling middle class disenchantment with the Saleh government.

“It’s not that they [protests] can threaten the government but I think they are a way of pushing the government to abide partly by its own rhetoric,” Carapico said.

Stagnation and integration
Yemen suffers from stagnant economic development, exacerbated by rampant corruption. It is the poor state of the Yemeni economy in relation to Gulf states that is the primary hurdle preventing integration into the GCC.

In an announcement that appeared to be an effort to shift the domestic focus from the al-Qaida attack, Saleh issued a decree on 3 July establishing a Higher National Committee for Fighting Corruption.

“Corruption is the biggest problem because it affects everything else. It affects security, the military, the coast guard, education.” Steil said. “They talk about it an awful lot. But from what I hear there is still an awful lot of it going on and not enough people have been kicked out of their posts,” she said.

There has been a significant increase in Yemeni participation in GCC meetings but, facing other challenges, Gulf states appear unwilling to assume the burden of propping up the failing Yemeni economy or to play a major cooperative role in conflict resolution.

The exception is Qatar, which charts its own course on foreign policy and, alongside its involvement in the al-Houthi ceasefire, has pledged the Saleh government US$500 million in aid and loans.

“Yemen has been applying for years [to join] the GCC,” Carapico noted. “Occasionally they let them come to a meeting as an observer but it [Yemen] is not the Gulf in any way. I think it’s much more symbolic than practical.”

Nuclear pretensions
Given the parlous state of the economy and a lack of technological and knowledge-base development, a future link-in to the putative GCC nuclear program will be crucial for the realization of current Yemeni plans for atomic generation.

Saleh discussed nuclear power with French authorities during a trip to Paris in late June, visiting a reactor and promising his hosts that Yemen would provide facilities and other inducements in return for French investment in electricity generation.

The, chairman of the National Atomic Energy Commission of Yemen, Mustafa Bahran, who serves as the science and technology advisor to the president, has told reporters that Yemen would start work on producing nuclear energy by the end of 2007.

In the first stage, a foreign company would build reactors capable of providing 20,000MW of generation capacity. Atomic research and the training of technicians and scientists are reportedly underway while a short-list of three potential sites for the first 1,000MW reactor has been drawn up.

In 2005, the UN’s nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), reportedly provided US$1 million in funding for the training of Yemeni security officers and customs officials in detecting radioactive and nuclear materials – a sign that the focus of international concerns and funding will be on nuclear smuggling rather than generation.

Given al-Qaida attacks on oil and gas plants the potential appears to exist for the targeting of future atomic facilities.

“It just is not realistic for Yemen. We do not have the security in place for nuclear technology and we don’t know where we are going to put radioactive waste.”

According to Carapico, “There is a difference between the will and the capability. They may be serious in the sense that they would like to be the kind of strong, modern power that has nuclear energy, but they are not.”

Rural Yemeni Women Work 17 Hours a Day

Filed under: Electric, Water, Women's Issues, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 5:20 pm on Sunday, June 17, 2007

Seven hours a day hauling water

Almotamar.net – A new field study prepared by a number of researchers and academicians disclosed that 98% of women loving in the rural area of Wisab, 180km to the west of the city of Thamar, spend more than 17 hours daily in hard works inside and outside the house.

The study conducted by Dr Mohammed al-Shiaibi at the college of administration sciences at Thamar University in Yemen and a number of researchers on the social and economic situations in the areas of Wisab, pointed out that women spend most of the time in working outside the house to bring the needs of their houses. Those needs are mainly bringing water from far and rugged areas, collecting fire wood, repairing agriculture terraces and preparing them as well as plowing them. The women also work in grazing, raising children, doing household works and carrying out many tasks supposed too be done by men in following up many of the daily life affairs.

The study confirmed that the women in Wisab face many difficult circumstances and harsh living conditions as well as the hard daily work and challenges such as the death of high proportion of expectant women and 50% of them get infected with various types of diseases, physical and psychological. The average rate of the woman age there reaches at 45 years and a high proportion of them lack education and qualification.

The study says abstention from education is attributed to lack of schools for girls in that area because all schools there follow co-education system in addition to that there are no facilities to employ girls graduated from secondary schools and there are no establishments for higher education nearby the area. This is reflected negatively on newly enrolled girls. According to the study, many people of the area see girls education as a kind of a waste of time added to that the early marriage.

The study ascribed reasons f diseases spread to malnutrition, absence of balanced food meal, fatigue in work and ignorance in addition to far distances between health establishments limited services.

Local Councils Hold Exec’s Accountable

Filed under: Corruption, Electric, Local gov, South Yemen, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 6:58 am on Thursday, May 31, 2007

Encouraging

DHAMAR:

Local council insists on firing officials

May 29 — In a Tuesday’s meeting, the local Council of Dhamar governorate demanded that confidence should be withdrawn from four general managers of executive offices for failing to perform their duties and neglecting issues that are part of their job, Al-Motamar.net quoted local sources as saying. More than 60 percent of the Dhamar local council members insisted on the governor to fire the general managers of health, public works, roads, electricity, and tax offices. The sources indicated that the local council representatives began a campaign this year to monitor and evaluate performance of executive offices.

Almotamar.net – Local sources in Thamar governorate said Tuesday that the local council of the governorate demanded in a meeting today to withdraw trust from four directors general of executive offices for failing in performing their duties and negligence of issues that are part of their specializations.

Sources told almotamar.net correspondent in Thamar that two thirds of the local council members presented a demand to the governor of Thamar calling for the necessity of firing directors general of the offices of health, public works and roads, electricity and taxes.

The sources said the 24-member local council began from the begging of this year a campaign of following up activities of executive offices in the governorate and monitor failures in their performance.

Then there’s the Thomas Paine effect:

(YT) ADEN

Power institutions enraged over anonymous brochures

May 29 — Brochures of unidentified sources lashed out at the Aden Electricity Corporation and Al-Haswa Power Station’s administration and accused them of exercising corruption. This enraged both institutions. Al-Sahwa.net reported that tens of workers at the station distributed the brochures in and outside their worksite, and this led the station’s management to investigate some workers in order to identify the brochures’ sources. The brochures accused the Electricity Corporation of establishing an illumination project for its fence at a cost of YR 50 million.

Accidential Electrocution

Filed under: Electric, Security Forces, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:37 pm on Sunday, May 20, 2007

They died after an hour.

YO:

A 24-year-old man and his mother died after they were accidentally electrocuted in al-Hawban in Taiz last Tuesday. The details of the story were provided by their relative, Mute’e Ali, who lives in Sana’a. When he heard of the deaths of his two relatives, he went to Taiz. The family of the mother and son asked that their names be withheld from the press. On Tuesday afternoon, the mother asked her son to water the plants in their back garden, The son came back home after a conflict with his father that lasted one month.

Three days after he returned, his mother asked him if he would take care of the plants. All of sudden, the mother heard a scream, and she went outside to see what is going on. “The mother saw her son in a pool of water on the ground, because it was raining, and he was writhing and screaming,” said Ali. The mother had no idea what was happening to her son, so she ran without hesitation to help him. She had no idea that her son was being electrocuted, so when she grabbed him, she was also electrocuted.

“Both were shouting until the whole neighborhood heard them, including her daughter, who ran to help them,” he said. The girl wanted to grab her mother, but their female neighbor prevented her from doing so. The mother and son died after they were electrocuted for an hour. There was no police station nearby, so observers could not call anyone for help.

The cause of the electrocutions was a main electrical cable in the ground that had lost its cover, said Mute’a. The Yemen Observer tried to reach the Ministry of Electricity for comment, and to find out how many people are electrocuted each year, but no one was available to comment by press time.

Electricity Output to Increase, Unpaid Electric Bills YR 800,000 Million

Filed under: Corruption, Crime, Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:34 pm on Sunday, April 29, 2007

YO The General Electricity Corporation has received an order to increase the electrical supply by 80 megawatts; this is in addition to an increase of 70 megawatts that was ordered previously, said Abdul-Mu’ati al-Gonid, the general director of the corporation. The order came from Minister of Electricity and Energy Mustafa Bahram, as part of a strategy to put an end to the regular electricity blackouts and to cover the annual deficit in the power supply during the summer season and during Ramadan, when people tend to use electricity all through the night.

“This will solve the problem for at least two years; by then, the second gas-powered electricity-generating station will have entered in active service, and Ma’abr station will be in service also,” al-Gonid said.
The current electrical supply does not exceed coverage for 45 percent of the population, he said. “We supply less than half of the need; and 60 percent of people get electricity through private generators,” he said.

“The amount of energy currently available is about 800 megawatts, and in the rural areas is only about 200 megawatts, so the total available is 1000 megawatts. We are working at full capacity, but there is still a deficit,” he said. “Electricity in Yemen is among the cheapest of any country. The electricity corporation sells a single unit for RY 4,” says al-Gonid. He pointed out that the corporation has more than 1.2 million customers representing homes and factories.

“The proportion of consumption is more than 60 to 70 percent of citizens, and 15 percent for the factories, excluding the cement factories,” he said. He denied that the electricity corporation is increasing its prices. “We do not increase the prices and tariffs set by the government; we implement only what they direct us to. We are a solvent business, but at this stage, our mission is essentially to provide service; we are not looking to make a profit.”

About the continuing complaints by residents from the continuous interruptions of electricity, al-Gonid admitted that the corporation was unhappy about these interruptions of electricity that are caused by a deficit in power generation; but that also, interruptions are sometimes caused by technical problems far afield, but that the company tries to resolve these problems as quickly as possible. There are several individuals and government institutions that do not or have not paid for their use of electricity, and who owe the company quite a sum of money.

“Those who do not pay today, they will pay tomorrow,” al-Gonid said. “Three months ago, President Ali Abdullah Saleh ordered the formation of a committee which, included as its chief the former Minister of Local Administration, as well as the former Minister of Finance and the Former Minister of Electricity as members,” he said. “The committee found that there is YR 300 million and YR 500 to 600 million in unpaid electricity bills from individuals and government bodies, respectively,” said al-Gonid.

“The committee made two decisions: first, the ministries and authorities that have accounts with the Ministry of Finance will have their bills deducted directly from its accounts. The second is about the authorities that do not have accounts; they must pay the money they owe immediately, or we will cut off their electricity.”

Investing in Energy Infrastructure

Filed under: Electric, Investment, Water, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:14 pm on Wednesday, March 28, 2007

AM

almotamar.net – Al-Utaibah & Rawas Emirates Group intends to construct investment projects in Yemen in areas pf electricity, water desalination, petrochemicals and communications at a cost estimated at $ one billion.

The Utaibah Group’s Board of Directors Chairman Sheikh Abdulsallam al-Rawas said “We have come to Yemen for investment in energy through building a power generating station with capacity of 300 MEGAWATT according to BOT system or that of BOO, in addition to investment in the area of water desalination.”

He said his group has conducted feasibility study and hope to make other studies either individually or in cooperation with the state. He said a foreign company had previously conducted a study of feasibility for this project but its results are not compatible with results of the study we conducted as European companies operate in a different system not similar to the American systems. That necessitates giving opportunity to our company to study what is convenient with the nature of its work and capabilities.

Saba news agency also quoted al-Rawas as saying that they have learnt that the Yemeni government has the intention to produce 1400 MEGAWATT of electric power and putting g 200 MEGAWATT to investment and that they are ready to produce the total power, i.e. production of 3400 MEGAWATT with specifications the government requires, whether through gas stations or stations operated by solar energy.

Regarding investment in water desalination al-Rawas said they presented to government officials an offer for investment in this field under the system of BOB included all information, capabilities and equipment the group possesses in this regard and they are waiting for the re[ply.

Loans for Electricity

Filed under: Donors, UN, Electric, Saudi Arabia, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:15 am on Tuesday, March 20, 2007

26 Septemper News

SANA’A. The parliament approved on Monday two loan agreements at sum of $200 million to carry out projects in
electricity sector in Marib governorate.

The first loan agreement, $ 100 million, was signed with the Saudi Fund for Development to implement power projects in 11 governorates.
Some 330,000 people would benefit from these projects.

The second agreement was signed with the Arab Fund for Economic Development to execute a second gas power station in Marib
governorate with capability of 400 Mgw in addition to extending the power network.

Meanwhile, the Parliament approved two agreements over international railways for eastern Arab countries and the prevention of double taxation with Turkey.

Nuclear Yemen, Part IV

Filed under: Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:42 pm on Saturday, March 3, 2007

Yemen accomplishes 70% of infrastructure of securing nuclear facilities

SANA’A, Mar 03(Saba) – Yemen has achieved 70% of the infrastructures ofthe security and safety of the nuclear facilities”
the chairman of the National Committee for Atomic Energy Mustafa Bahran said.
Bahran, who ended on Friday a visit to Vienna, capital of Austria, said that International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) accepted to assist Yemenin completing such facilities, financing and implementing the economic feasibility study for peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the coming month.

The IAEA also agreed to train the national staff, prepare equipment and finalize the related laws, he said.

Bahran said: “the IAEA would send a legal expert to revise the Yemeni draft law for atomic energy.”
Yemen drafted the law to utilize atomic energy to producing electricity and desalination.

He made it clear that the after accomplishment of the infrastructures, Yemen would make contracts with Canadian and USA specialized companiesto carry out of the project.

PSO and National Security Trained in Nuclear Security Proceedures

Filed under: Electric, Security Forces, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:24 am on Saturday, February 3, 2007

spiffy

YObserver:

Yemen hopes to begin developing nuclear power in 2007, according to the National Atomic Energy Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency. But the country has much work to do to prepare itself for such an enormous responsibility.

The two organizations, which specialize in the tracking of radioactive materials and respond to incidents of unlawful transportation of radioactive materials, will give a training course to Yemeni security forces on how to deal with nuclear power. The course will be held in Aden from Feb. 4 to 7. Dr. Mustafa Bahran, chairman of the National Atomic Energy Commission of Yemen and the science and technology advisor to the president, declared that Yemen would start working on producing nuclear energy in 2007. “This could be the best solution for the problem of producing electricity in Yemen,” he said.

This nuclear energy project is part of the program that President Ali Abdullah Saleh developed during his election campaign. Saleh has invited the private sector to participate in renewable energy development in Yemen. He has also stated that Yemen would use nuclear energy to cover the shortage of electricity in the country, in cooperation with the United States and Canada.

The nuclear energy course, organized by the National Atomic Energy Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency, aims to educate 54 participating trainees from Yemen’s national security forces, political security forces, the Ministry of the Interior, the coast guard and the customs authority. “Trainees will learn to use modern technology for detecting radioactive and nuclear materials,” said Ismail Zabiba, manager of training and rehabilitation in the National Atomic Energy Commission. “We chose Aden because most of the participants are from there, and it is the most important port in Yemen.”

“Participants will be trained to use portable detection devices, to understand data produced by different types of radiation, biological effects of radiation, the types of materials subject to scrutiny and security oversight, and the types of shipping containers used in nuclear transport. We will also be familiarizing them with national plans on how to respond to accidents involving radioactive materials.”

Another regional course on nuclear energy has been organized by the National Atomic Energy Commission, and will be held in Sana’a from Feb. 10-21. The course will train 20 participants from different Arab countries, such as Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. “The course is intended to educate trainees on ways of organizing and utilizing state resources so that the country can rely on nuclear energy as a sustainable source,” said Zabiba.

The International Atomic Energy Agency selected Dr. Mahfoud Sarhan Abdullah, a member of the National Atomic Energy Commission, to be the programs official in the Department of Technical Cooperation section of the International Atomic Energy Agency, based in Vienna. “Dr. Bahran nominated Dr. Sarhan for the position in coordination with the Yemeni Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the embassy of the Republic of Yemen in Austria,” said Zabiba.

“Dr. Sarhan has the efficiency and scientific expertise in the implementation of programs related to technical cooperation between the Agency and the Republic of Yemen,” said Zabiba. “He reflects the depth of cooperation between Yemen and the International Atomic Energy Agency. That is why we chose him.”

Dhamar: Isolated with no services

Filed under: A-INFRASTRUCTURE, Communications, Electric, Women's Issues, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 9:00 am on Wednesday, January 10, 2007

AS: A recent survey prepared by academic researchers in Wessab Districts, Dhamar province, revealed grave deteriorations in essential services; education , public health, water and electricity.

It also pointed out that unemployment rate reach 60 % there, referring that deterioration to isolation, the area geographical distance , rough roads, drought and water scarcity.

It further confirmed that most area populations don’t get public positions and the number of employed people in the private sector don’t exceed 1 percent of the populations.

The survey also showed that those people registered in social insurance are few compared with other areas in the country.

Children trafficking

The survey said that hard poverty in Wessab caused trafficking of children to Saudi whereas traffickers exploit their conditions and traffic them .

Children laboring

The survey explained that 60 percent of children who must be joined school went to look for occupations in farming, building, transferring water and other rough works .

Women status

The survey also demonstrated that women in Wessab suffer much compared with their counterparts in Yemen since 98 percent practice rigid works such bringing water , collecting woods and culturing farming lands and animals . Additionally, they don’t join education and a big percentage of them are afflicted with various ailments Owing to malnutrition, poverty and illiteracy

Solar Powered Pumps

Filed under: Electric, USA, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 10:08 pm on Sunday, January 7, 2007

A good idea

AL-DHUBAB, Yemen – Before engineers of Combined Task Force – Horn of Africa arrived Dec. 17 in Al-Dhubab, Yemen, to install solar-powered pumps to fresh-water wells in the town, local women had to lower buckets 30 meters by hand one bucket at a time, in order to get needed water. The process was slow and tedious and the line of people waiting to get water was long.

United States Army Maj. Richard Cote, a civil affairs team leader from CJTF – HOA, saw the problem and decided to take action with the help from U.S. military engineers.

Partnering with local citizens, U.S. military engineers from Camp Lemonier, Djibouti, installed a solar-powered electric pump at the well. The increased pumping capacity reduced waiting times for people at the well. The well supplies water to about 20,000 people living in a five-kilometer radius.

Because the engineers were concerned about keeping the pump running after they left, local residents helped to build the pumping system and teaching them about maintenance.

“What we try to do is hire a local contractor with established credentials. In the contract we request that he hire local labor, thereby ensuring the money ends up in the local economy,” said U.S. Army Capt. Andrew Bouchard.

According to Capt. Bouchard, another added benefit to using local contractors for these projects is to give a sense of ownership to the local residents as a result of their contributions.

“It’s rewarding to see the townspeople take ownership of this well, which they pretty much built themselves,” said Capt. Bouchard.

The Al-Dhubab water pump was just one of many projects being conducted by the CJTF-HOA engineers on their last trip to Yemen. Currently, the engineers have plans to begin school construction projects in the area.

Because construction projects need to start with a solid foundation of plans by qualified and experienced contractors, CJTF-HOA sends engineers to every project to evaluate the plans.

CJTF-HOA has operated from Camp Lemonier, Djibouti since May 13, 2003 and is working with Partner nations on humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, consequence management, civic action programs to include medical and veterinary care, school and medical clinic construction and water development projects.

More (Read on …)

Nuclear Yemen

Filed under: Electric, Proliferation, USA, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:27 am on Friday, December 15, 2006

Last time the regime discussed nuclear power, the concept was the US would assist in the endeavor.

Yemen to use nuclear energy to generate power
SANA’A, Dec.13 (Saba)-Mustafa Bahran, head of the National Committee for Nuclear Energy (NCNE) and scientific advisor of president
declared onWednesday that Yemen would carry out an electricity project by using nuclear energy by beginning of 2007. (Read on …)

Yemen’s Electric Generating Capacity

Filed under: A-INFRASTRUCTURE, Electric, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 8:38 am on Monday, October 30, 2006

Article from the Yemen Observer . I like this paragraph in particular:

Yemen’s electricity generating and distribution capacity is currently vastly deficient in meeting the public’s electrical needs. Less than one-third of households in Yemen have access to electricity from the national power grid. In rural areas, only 13 percent of the population does. Most cities have regular rolling blackouts. Yemen’s electricity shortage, in addition to harming the quality of life, has a negative impact on economic development, and foreign investment. Yemen’s electrical requirements will grow substantially as Yemen’s population of 20 million is expected to double in less than 25 years.

Another interesting factoid: On normal days, the electricity demand peaks for about two hours, whereas during Ramadan it peaks for eight hours, said Abdul-Mo’ti al-Junaid, general manager of the Public Electricity Corporation in Sana’a. “The availability of power we can offer could not run over 650 megawatts, while the power demand is more than 770 or 780 megawatts. This creates a shortage of about 100 megawatts.

US to help Yemen go nuclear: Saleh

Filed under: Electric, USA, Yemen — by Jane Novak at 7:23 am on Tuesday, October 3, 2006

For several months, Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh has been promising nuclear energy as a solution to the nation’s energy shortage. (Yemen does have 10.3 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves but 90% has been sold for export.) Now with his electoral landslide victory well documented, the US and Canada aparently have agreed to assist with the development of a nuclear reactor in Yemen.

This is a bizarre notion in light of Yemen’s close ties to Iran and its flip flopping between support of the WOT and support of “legitimate resistance to the occupation of Muslim lands.”

Yemen hosts and finances various groups the US classifies as terrorist org’s including Hamas and Hibollah. During the recent Israel/Hizbollah war, President Saleh publically and repeatedly urged 1) the invokation of the Arab League’s collective defense treaty 2) sending money and weapons to Hizbollah and 3) opening the borders for the youth to travel to Lebanon.

Various elements within the Yemeni administration are clandestinely supporting the insurgency in Iraq. Not to mention Somalia, Afghanistan, and Chechnia.

Yemen has an established history of contravening international law in exporting large quantities of weapons through the region, and the nation is well known as a central hub of drug smuggling.

Its bureaucracies are incompetent and rife with corruption. Its efforts against al-Qaeda are not consistent or robust to say the least. What bone-headed idiot thinks its a good idea to give them a nuclear reactor?

Then the Saudis are going to want one, ect, ect. Is this the US solution to Iran’s unwillingness to suspend uranium enrichment, give everybody nukes to balance it out? How utterly retarded. And how counter-productive for the US to become even more dependent for its security on “trust-worthy” authoritiarian rulers, and ultimately, their sons.

Furthermore, it remains to be seen whether the recent election will foster long term stability or instability. To the extent that the regime uses its widely acclaimed, partially legitimate victory as a rationale to further marginalize the opposition, political pressure may increase.

YO: Yemen will go nuclear to make up for the shortcomings in the electricity supply in the country, said President Ali Abdullah Saleh Monday evening, at his annual Iftar reception held at the Republican Palace. Necessary studies and research are well underway for the adoption of such a technology.

“We will generate power through nuclear energy in cooperation with the United States and Canada,” Saleh said. “In the first stage, we plan to generate 20,000 megawatts,” he said to his guests, who included senior government officials, religious scholars, members of the business community, tribal sheikhs, social figures, media, and civil society organizations. “This is no longer an campaign promise. It is a serious and new speech.” President Saleh also said the government would work on finding solutions for the threatening shortage of water nationwide and particularly in dried-up Taiz and Sana’a.

“One of the biggest problems we are facing now is water scarcity. I urge all citizens to ration their use of water, because this issue has become a major problem and there should be a massive awareness program,” he said. “Researchers are looking into possibilities of using desalinated sea-water for drinking purposes—not for irrigation—to resolve the problem of water scarcity in Sana’a, Taiz and other cities,” he added. Saleh criticized the use of large quantities of water for cultivating qat – a stimulant plant chewed by Yemenis. He called upon the concerned bodies to perform awareness programs to educate people in general, and the youth in particular, about the harms of qat.

“About 35 to 40 percent of water resources goes to qat irrigation, so people need to be aware about water preservation, and spreading awareness is the responsibility of all,” he said. “Fathers and mothers have to educate their children so they give up the habit of chewing qat,” he added. Saleh pointed out that the qat habit is a major source of corruption. “There are many people earning 20,000 rials’ wages yet spend about 5,000 rials daily on Qat. Where does this money come from?” he asked. Some people, he said, break the law in some way or another to get money for qat.

“Yemeni people said ‘Yes’ to security and stability on September 20th,” Saleh said, referring to the presidential election that gave him 77.17 percent of the votes. In his speech, Saleh also blamed the instability and chaos in Iraq and Somalia on the U.S. “Which is better, Sadam Hussein’s dictatorship or today’s democracy in Iraq where massacres happen every day?” he asked.

“Which is better, the dictatorship of Mohammed Sayeed Barre or the situation in Somalia now?” Saleh said his party, the General People’s Congress, would fulfill all the promises it made to voters, and that his government would draft a detailed action plan to translate his election program into reality. Fighting corruption will be his top priority, he said.

Singing the praises of dictatorships.

 

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