Armies of Liberation

Jane Novak's blog about Yemen

Hardamout Tribal Confederacy rejects any corrupt deal with Nexen to settle environmental damage case

Filed under: Enviornmental, Hadramout, Oil, Tribes — by Jane Novak at 1:54 pm on Sunday, September 7, 2014

Update: also read this older news report (Ar) on the toxic lake in Shabwa

HTC statement: An Important Statement for Public Opinion: a Nasty Deal against Hadramout Made by RoY and Nexen Oil Company Regarding a Pollution Case.

Our reliable sources have revealed that there is a nasty compromising deal against Hadramout between the Republic of Yemen (RoY), represented by the Ministry of Oil and Minerals, and Canadian Nexen Company, the former operator of sector 14 in Gail Bin Yamain (Masila). The deal is to settle the issue of environmental pollution caused by Nexen in Gail Bin Yamain and its surroundings as a result of a case brought to the International Court in France for nearly two years by a group of Hadrami engineers and experts in the field of oil and the environment who raised and followed up this issue and formed a pressure on the RoY till a case was submitted to this International Court. The RoY has hired Clyde, a law firm, to plead on behalf of RoY.

A tender has been developed for specialized companies in the detection, examination and assessing the status of Oil wells (Audit) if they are in good conditions. Two companies have applied to this tender and they are 1- Intytech Inc. and 2- United Safety. The second firm was technically unqualified therefore it was excluded, and Intytech Inc. was chosen. But it seems that this choice was disliked and rejected by the Oil Mafia in Sanaa which canceled the subject of examination and assessing the status of Oil wells (Audit) permanently fearing of accusing Canadian Nexen Company which is their partner in plundering the wealth of Hadramout and causing pollution in the region.

In last Ramadan, Clyde, the law firm, has sent an expert in the field of pollution at its own expenses accompanied by a female lawyer of Clyde to Hadramout. This expert submitted a report and confirmed to the people who are interested in the case that the pleadings in the case will start in the month of August of 2014. Due to all of this momentum, Canadian Nexen felt the danger of this case and rushed, through its agents represented by Oil Mafia in Sanaa, to push towards an agreement on an illegal deal to close this case.

Unfortunately, Deputy Minister of Oil and Minerals, Dr. Ahmed Basireeh (Hadrami) has been sent to the French capital Paris on 30/08/2014 to settle this issue. This was published as an officially news (government delegation heading to France to resolve disputed issues with Canadian Nexen the former operator of sector 14 and the delegation was headed by Deputy Oil Minister Dr. Ahmad Basireeh). The delegation team included the Ministry of Oil and Minerals and Petromasila Company, the current operator of the sector 14. The strange thing is that Petromasila sent a person who is not a Hadrami and was not one of the engineers or specialists in the oil fields, and he is a Warehouse Manger in the company!!

If this deal is compromised, people of Hadramout are in deep troubles after the things are revealed to everyone as the local proverb explains it: The Guard is the Thief. They have to act as quickly as possible to condemn this disregard of their lives and their environment and to reject any settlement in this case.

We are in Hadramout Tribes Confederacy (HTC) definitely reject any settlement of this issue with Canadian Nexen, and any other issues pertaining to Hadramout only with the knowledge of all Hadrami’s. We are calling upon all of Hadrami’s- scientists, politicians, academicians, engineers, journalists, writers and civil society organizations and all the people of Hadramout to quickly move and stop what is going on and reject it and form a strong pressure on all levels.

We also warn the Canadian Nexen company to stop being manipulative in the case which condemns it and cannot escape it. We also reject its illegal agreements with the Oil Mafia and we consider these agreements invalid and we will prosecute them on these crimes committed against Hadramout. We call on Brother President Hadi to quickly stop the manipulation of what is happening to Hadramout and its human issues. We will let the entire world know what is happening in Hadramout from suppression and killing of its most important issues.

Issued By

Hadramout Tribes Confederacy (HTC).

6th of September 2014.

http://www.alhelf.com/?p=1379

Update: Government responds , says not settling case: Tuesday, 09-September -2014

Sana’a / Sheba
An official source at the Ministry of Oil and Minerals, the issue of environmental pollution with Canadian Nexen in front of international justice and there is no negotiation.
source explained in a statement (SABA) that the issue of environmental pollution resulting from the activity of the operator’s former sector 14 (Nexen) has been referred to eliminate before more than two years of arbitration in which after the rejection of Nexen reached to compensate for environmental impacts resulting from the activity of the company at that time and the arbitration proceedings ongoing and there is no negotiation in this regard between the ministry and the company and the issue raised before the judiciary.
confirmed that the Ministry of Oil and Minerals and the government will not give up its legitimate rights to compensation project under consideration before the international justice now.
said Source: The ministerial delegation, including the people of the province and the sons of the National Company (Petromcilh) will not be in any day against the interest of the people of the region, but work very hard to protect the rights and interests of the people of the concession area and the nation are year and are optimistic about the integrity of the international court to rule in favor of Yemen in the case of interest to all citizens. ”
and pointed out that the visit of the delegation of the Ministry of Oil and Minerals to Paris come in order to complete financial settlements existing and pending with Canadian Nexen Petroleum Yemen Ltd. operator former Sector 14 in Petromcilh and not to negotiate in the case of environmental pollution.
source explained that the delegation under the supervision of chartered accountant firm Deloitte & Touche task was to complete the financial settlement of the matters pending with Nexen in the field of customs data outstanding tax returns non-updated and cost recoveries and not in the case of pollution Albei..lavta that this chore is with the oil companies after reviewing their records through the legal references.
called source media and websites to the need to investigate the credibility and to seek information from their sources before publishing incorrect information ..mbdia his willingness to meet with people in the region for further clarification about the course of the case.

Hadramout Tribes Statement #2, regarding impending civil insurrection, dtd 12/15/13

Filed under: Hadramout, Oil, Tribes — by Jane Novak at 6:49 am on Monday, December 16, 2013

The statement in sum rejects the legitimacy of the central government and takes on self-rule. The Hadramouti Popular Movement (HPM) derives its legitimacy from the assent of the people as expressed through their tribal representatives.

The statement calls for Hadramoutis to boycott of central government jobs. It announces the launch of the Hadramouti Popular Movement on 12/20, and its structure. The HPM’s goal is to retain local control of “land and wealth.” Corruption in the oil industry has far reaching impacts across Yemen. Both the central government and international community lack the political will, and perhaps capacity, to undermine the upper echelon of the black economy.

The tipping point was the death of Sheikh bin Harish and six tribesmen during a confrontation with soldiers at a checkpoint on December 2. The tribes’ statement number was posted here earlier.

The HPM will establish semi-autonomous governance structures including security entity to protect residents and foreigners. The statement calls for all southerners to participate in his or her own area of Hadramout, ie-instead of overtly folding itself into the southern movement, the statement calls on southern activists to incorporate themselves into the HPM.

The statement also appeals for material support from abroad, a specific technical phrase in English laden with meaning (and legal ramifications in the west), which may be the result of the linguistic sophistication of the translator. There are many Hadramoutis involved in business and commerce across the world, a legacy of the Silk Road.

Update: Wow. The tribal uprising in Hadramout is invigorating, unifying and mobilizing the entire Southern Movement. One unifying grievance, oil corruption. The (expression of broad support) through out the south is scheduled for December 20. Maybe Hadi’s efforts (see below) will short circuit the momentum.

Press Release by the Alliance of Hadramout Tribes
Representatives of Hadrami tribes, headed by the Alliance of Hadramout
Tribes, have met in the Wadi Nahib in Gail Bin Yamin on Sunday 15 /
December / 2013. The meeting was held to discuss how to work on the
implementation and success of the comprehensive Popular Movement,
which was agreed on at Alliance of Hadramout Tribes last meeting that
took place in the Wadi of Nahib in Gail Bin Yamin on Tuesday, 10 /
December / 2013, for all Hadhrami in the countryside and the urban.
It was agreed by representatives of Hadramout tribes in this meeting
on the formation of the presidency of the Alliance by representatives
of all the tribes and to be headed by Al Homoom representative; and
specialized committees have been formed as the following:

1 – Security Committee.

2 – Coordination and communication Committee.

3 – Media committee.

4 – Finance Committee.

And agreed on the following appeals:

1 – All Hadrami have to be united and unite their word to launch
Popular Movement which will be covering all of Hadramout at the same
time, and everyone in his/her own area, which will be launched
according to its agreed schedule on Friday 20/ December/2013 to enable
the people of Hadramout to control over their land and wealth.

2 – It was agreed that Alliance of Hadramout Tribes is the primary
reference for all the people of Hadramout including employees in
government departments and that applies as well to oil companies
operating in Hadramout.

3 – A call for all political and civil society organizations in the
cities to organize the Popular Movement and to form Popular Escorts to
maintain security and to maintain public, private properties, and
maintain various services of citizens.

4 – A call for religious scholars and imams of mosques to direct their
messages to support the Popular Movement.

5 – A call for all people of Hadramout who work in the top level of
the government, the House of Representatives, the Shura Council, the
members of the National Dialogue Conference, military leaders as well
as members of Local Councils in Hadramout to suspend their work
starting from the Popular Movement.

6 – Alliance of Hadramout Tribes reassures all foreign experts and
foreign workers in the various oil companies and other firms in
Hadramout that they are our guests and they are not targeted by us; as
well as residents in Hadramout .

7 – We highly appreciate the positions of all Southerns, and we want
them to participate actively in the comprehensive Popular Movement,
everyone in his/her area as in Hadramout.

8 – Appeal to the regional and international communities, human rights
organizations, and international organizations to positively interact
to support our just cause.

9 – Appeal to the people of Hadramout at home and abroad to provide
material and moral support for the success of this just cause.

This is what has been agreed upon and God grant us success.

Issued by:
Presidency meeting of Alliance of Hadramout Tribes
Wadi of Nahib in Gail Bin Yamin
on Sunday 15 / December / 2013

Update 2: Mediation begins in standard fashion

News of the Yemeni Revolution

NYR | The Yemeni Government started a tribal mediation process with the families of Radaa, whom there relatives have been killed on Thursday in a drone strike.

The Government paid the amount of 30 million Yemeni Rials (Around 150 Thousand USD), and put a 100 AKs to start a mediation process – which is a tribal tradition done in Yemen to start a mediation that usually ends up by issuing a public apology and paying compensation money.

The tribes of Qaifah blocked the main road of Radaa yesterday, protesting the drone strike on their village.

The Military committee formed to investigate the incident said that there were AQ members amongst the wedding convey, while the mediation said that the Government acknowledges it was a mistake, probably done due to wrong intelligence.

Update 3: YafaNews: President Abdrabo Mansoor responds to the Hadramout tribes ultimatum by offering an independent federal state which will practically mean dividing South Yemen into two federal states (Eastern and Western) and latest official statement (ar) Hadramout demands here

Hadramout tribes issue statement upon the killing of Sheikh Harish

Filed under: Hadramout, Local gov, Security Forces, Tribes, statements — by Jane Novak at 8:23 am on Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Report on the outcome of the tribal gathering in response to the killing of Sheik Harish demands a reckoning and addresses long standing issues of contention including security checkpoints and the distribution of oil jobs and revenue.

Huge crowds of Hadrami head of tribes, tribes, representative of
political Hadrami groups, Hadrami social figures, and others have
gathered on 10/12/2013 at “Wadi Nahib” in “Gail Ben Yamin” directorate
in Hadramout governorate to discuss actions to be taken after the
assassination of Sheikh Sa’ad Ben Habreesh of Al Homoom tribe. The
crowd agreed on the following:

1- The killing of Sheikh Sa’ad Bin Ahmed Bin Habreeh Al Homoomi is
considered a crime within several crimes committed by the Yemeni
regime in the governorate of Hadramout, demanding the local
authorities to hand over the killers of the Sheikh Al Homoomi and
those who supported them to get their fair punishment.

2- The cancellation of all military points from all over the
governorate of Hadramout in the coast and in the valley; and handover
all security issues of the governorate, i.e. Hadramout, to the people
of Hadramout.

3- Handover the Oil Companies Protection Forces in the governorate of
Hadramout to the Hadrami people.

4- The gathering have called for an endless escalation and popular
movement starting from 20/12/2013, if the regime doesn’t respond to
the above requests, until a full control of the governorate of
Hadramout by Hadrami people.

5- The funeral of the martyr Sa’ad Bin Habreeh is on the coming Friday
after the Aser prayer at directorate of “Gail Ben Yamin”.

Many ways to go on this depending on where you start from:
1- Necessity of training security forces, establishing command and control, localization
2- Importance of establishing accountability and conflict resolution mechanisms (Whoops, everybody still has immunity.)
3- Demonstrates the difficulty of carrying out ground CT ops in Yemen
4- Demonstrates Defense Ministry’s continuing knee jerk propensity toward calling all opposition, especially dead opposition, “AQAP”. (See YT below.) The Defense Ministry retracted the accusation, not because it was untrue and it was untrue, but because the errant label would have further inflamed the tribesmen; however the entire western media and half of US intel would have bought it hook, link and sinker. And to be fair, it is the US’s formal policy to classify all Yemeni men 16 or older killed in drone strikes as “suspected AQ” and count it as a win.
5- Importance of tribal ties and identity when the state (and its basic services) are absent
6- In the absence of a trusted, or even a rudimentary, judicial system, the importance of tribal negotiations and their ability to defuse volatile situations
7- The nearness of Yemeni tribal norms to democratic norms of self rule, consensus as demonstrated by the meeting itself
8- In the absence of democracy, the ability of the citizen to pressure the state to remedy injustices through the tribe
9- Continuing sense of deep injustice over natural resources (stemming from vast corruption) and a sense of arbitrary punitive state interventions
10- Jobs, everybody needs jobs
11- This is how Yemeni movements are made, a spark in the tinder of burning resentment

Background: Yemen Times: INSTABILITY IN HADRAMOUT CONTINUES UNABATED

SANA’A, Dec. 4—New reports of armed clashes between state forces and alleged Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) emerged Wednesday morning in the Ghail Bawzeer district in Hadramout, according to officials. There were no reported deaths or injuries.

There are security personnel stationed all over the governorate, the Interior Ministry previously told the Yemen Times.

In Ghail Bawzeer, residents have been warned not to go out at night, said Mohammed Bawzeer, the editor-in-chief of the local Shibam Public Newspaper.

“Residents are dissatisfied with the presence of armed men and security forces. There is panic because of repetitive clashes and shootings,” he said.

“The entirety of Hadramout is tense,” said Colonel Hussein Hashim, the security manager of Sayoun in Hadramout.

A security analyst, Mohammed Al-Khalid, said efforts toward an ongoing security campaign in Hadramout will not be successful because it’s not comprehensive. He says those targeted by it—mostly AQAP affiliates—will continue to jump from one area to the next.

Elsewhere in the governorate, in the aftermath of a security campaign in Al-Shehr city that began two weeks ago, dozens of houses were destroyed. The city remains under a 9:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. curfew.

Markets close at 7:00 p.m., Mohammed Al-Qahoom, a local resident said. Everyone is doing their shopping in the morning, he added.

On Monday in Sayoun, another believed AQAP stronghold in Hadramout (ed- Sayoun as AQAP stronghold hotly disputed by some), Sheikh Sad Bin Harish, the head of Hadramout’s tribal federation in Sayoun, was killed by state forces at a checkpoint right outside the city.

According to local officials, Harish, who was travelling with bodyguards refused to hand over weapons his convoy was carrying at the checkpoint. Officials say Harish’s men fired first and a gun battle ensued. Seven, including Harish, were killed in the clashes and four injured, according to Hashim.

The Defense Ministry’s website published a statement immediately following the incident, saying that Habrish was a member of Al-Qaeda. Later, the ministry retracted the statement and apologized to tribes in Hadramout.

But as many predicted it seems Habrish’s fellow tribesmen may seek revenge against the state for his death.

Hashim said the situation in the city remains tense and that security forces are expecting armed men in the area to mobilize.

Sabri Masoud, the head of Haq Organization for Human Rights in Seyon, said security forces have withdrawn from four security checkpoints to avoid clashes. Hashim did not confirm this. But, Masoud says tribesmen are coming from districts outside of Sayoun to avenge the sheikh’s death.

“They are coming to Seyon to agree on how to respond to Habrish’s murder,” he said.

More here SadaAden and here AdenLife (Ar). Some southerners are characterizing the statement as pro-secessionist, however some Hadramoutis want their own state as in country. The federal option still seems viable in theory but the transitional central government has not engendered broad trust despite some intermittent gestures of reconciliation and is still viewed as an occupation. Nothing can be achieved without financial transparency and elite accountability, otherwise its just a better dressed mafia that’s stealing the money.

Misunderstanding the concept of “state”, Hashid tribesmen declare war on Houthis & pledge loyalty to Hadi

Filed under: Saada War, Tribes — by Jane Novak at 9:48 am on Sunday, September 30, 2012

1) head of the PSO Galed al Gamish has to go, neutrality or not, 2) loyalty to the state does not mean taking up arms unilaterally to wage a sub-war 3) the Houthi issue has to be resolved through dialog not arms 4) applying the constitution does not mean taking the law into your own hands or applying a violent tribal remedy, does Sadiq have any idea how contradictory and illogical that position is? 5) the Houthis have to stop expanding and fighting, there is no doubt, but Hashid tribesmen launching a seventh Saada war is only going to be another pointless blood bath and 6) Yemeni politics is comprised of various competing cults of personality in an ever shifting caste system.

Yemen Fox, Tribal unanimous agreement to free Sa’ada of Houthis

Sheikhs and officials of Yemeni Hashid Tribe reiterated their support to President Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi in building the new Yemen.

At their Saturday meeting hosted by the Tribe’s senior Sheikh Sadeq al-Ahmer, sheikhs and tribesmen of Hashid stated that they “will not remain tied-handed towards violence ongoing in Raida, Sa’ada, Hajjah and some nearby areas,” calling on other tribesmen to line up and unite position against “enemies of the nation.” (Read on …)

“Islamist Movements in Yemen” published by the Center for Arab Unity Studies

Filed under: Civil Society, Demographics, Religious, Tribes — by Jane Novak at 10:55 am on Sunday, September 23, 2012

Book review in Al Monitor,Rise of Radical Islam in Yemen Altering Its Tribalism, Book Finds

Al Monitor: How can a country with a tribal society also see the spread of Islamic political movements? In anthropology, radicalism and tolerance are contradictory. In his book “Islamist Movements in Yemen” — published by the Center for Arab Unity Studies in Beirut — Dr. Abdul Malik Mohammed Abdullah Issa says that tribes constitute nearly 85% of the total Yemeni population and that there are 168 tribes in Yemen.

At the heart of this tribal social structure is also an Islamic religious identity. Yemeni society has historically been very religious. Although there are political differences within Yemeni society, there have not been ideological or religious differences except in a few cases — for example between Zaydi Shiite Houthis and Salafist Sunnis — and this is because most of Yemeni society belongs to the Shafi’i and Zaydi sects (there also used to be some Jews but most of them have emigrated to Israel).

Issa demonstrates that Yemeni society has historically been pragmatic. Yemenis come from one dynastic line from among the Arab Qahtani and Adnani lines. Yemeni society is highly tribal and religiously Muslim, divided between the Shafi’i and Zaydi sects. In his book, Issa explains the nature of these to sects and notes that there are very few differences between them. There are also some Ismailis, Hanafis, Abayidas, and Twelver Shiites, who came from Iraq during Saddam Hussein’s rule, and Wahhabis, who came from Saudi Arabia. (Read on …)

“Al Qaeda reiterates the September 11 tragedy in Yemen”

Filed under: Counter-terror, Islamic Imirate, Sana'a, Tribes, attacks — by Jane Novak at 5:24 pm on Saturday, July 28, 2012

A tragic essay published by Hour News, the original Arabic below, outlines many of the disasters that Al Qaeda has wrought on Yemen, directly and indirectly. I believe the article is in response to the awful and deliberate murder of a 12 year old boy with a package bomb, that sad article is also below:

Newspapers and magazines — “This report for publication”

Al Qaeda in Yemen declares war on the citizens, and reiterates the September 11 tragedy in Yemen, “the report”

Abdul Karim Hazmi

Al Qaeda in Yemen war on Yemeni citizens in general as well as its war against the government for the establishment of an Islamic state as they called them.

It is noticeable in this war-Qaeda in Yemen that the only loser is the people of Yemen, a victim, a target of this war, economically and militarily.

Since the takeover in the province of Abyan war killed tens of innocent victims of the citizens and the displacement of thousands of them in order to establish the rule of the Islamic state in the nation, forgetting that they are all Muslims and citizens united to God is not a partner, was the victim of most of them innocent civilians. (Read on …)

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