by a 16 year old no less…
It is at a minimum time to acknowledge these people exist, are not going away and have a right to their opinion:
Excellent article on the factions, motivations and regions of various “Al Qaeda” groups in Yemen including identifying which groups are primarily mercenaries (murtasaqat).
Yemen’s Mounting Challenges: Fractured militant groups & Post-Conflict reconstruction
By Fernando Carvajal Analyst at University of Exeter
While many praise recent victories by Yemen’s army over militant groups in Abyan and Shebwa, some warn of the coming chaos. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) leader Nasser al-Wuhayshi warned governments of Yemen and the US of planned operations in a video published in late March. This warning came as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) published its intention to join the fight in Yemen. These announcements also coincided with the creation of Ansar al-Sharia Central Region.
US-led drone campaign Easter weekend was interpreted as a delayed, but brazen response to events in March. Drones targeted camps in Abyan and individual militants in al-Baydha and Shebwa provinces, where initial media reports claimed top leaders were targets. Yemen’s government also claimed Special Forces had participated in raids by helicopter incursion and recovered a number of bodies. No further information has been provided with regard to the operations in late April.
As heightened security warnings lead to closing of four western embassies, observers highlight not only threats made by AQAP but also fears of rifts within the organization. Local analysts have indicated growing divisions within AQAP over the past six months extend from differing visions of its future. Some argue the rift between al-Wuhayshi and second tier leaders over priorities has also led to individuals like Makmun Abdul Hamid Hatim and Ibrahim al-Rubaish praising ISIS, challenging al-Wuhayshi’s allegiance to Ayman al-Zawahiri, Bin Laden’s successor, who formally denounced ISIS early this year. Intensions by ISIS in the Arabian Peninsula remain obscure, but contact with Somalia’s al-Shabab and AQAP in 2013 raised concerns over an expansionist agenda beyond Syria in attempt to wrestle the jihadist movement from al-Zawahiri.
The rift has also affected relations with Ansar al-Sharia (AAS), which is led by Emir Jalal Bil’ayd al-Maraqashi. Since the murder of shaykh Ali Bin Salem Ba’wazir in February, the so-called insurgency group has exhibited signs of widening divisions. The conflict within AAS is said to extend primarily from prioritizing political assassinations over the establishment of emirates in the eastern province of Hadhramawt. Observers in Aden and Sana’a insist this rift has damaged the group’s capabilities and role vis-à-vis AQAP.
Western analysts still see AAS as a natural extension of AQAP, but many in Yemen’s military insist the group is simply a mercenary arm rather than an ideological ally. Evidence lies on the priority given to Ahwar, Abyan during the current military offensive. By securing Ahwar the army has managed to eliminate a major strategic supply line that allowed AAS to deliver services for AQAP from the coast of Abyan to the mountains of Mayfah in Shebwa. The area in Ahwar was previously protected by government supported Popular Committees, but the resignation of its leader in late April illustrated the difficulty of securing the area and the troubled relations between the Committees and the government of president Hadi.
The fact Jalal Bil’ayd has now appeared in a number of videos by al-Malahem, AQAP’s media wing, served to assure analysts of the relationship between AAS and AQAP. Al-Malahem identifies Bil’ayd as ‘commander’ in videos, but has yet to officially announce his place in the hierarchy. Military officials in Sana’a have often referred to AAS as mercenaries (murtasaqat) and dismiss labeling Bil’ayd AQAP due to his obscure background and role within AAS following the death of Khaled Abdulnabi in 2011, and the split with shaykh Abdul-Latif Saeed in 2012. The relationship has simply been explained as one of mutual interest, where one looks for financial gains, while the other requires a strategic force multiplier.
The rise of AAS Central Region (AAS-CR) has also generated much concern among Yemeni analysts. The group was announced in typical AAS form, rather than by any AQAP related media source. Yet, Bil’ayd has not commented on the new wing. It is believed this wing of AAS is not only gathering some of the militants who dispersed from Abyan in June 2012, but also incorporating a large number of Yemenis and foreigners returning from Syria. The main evidence cited is the role played by those previously in charge of logistical support for Yemenis joining the fight in Syria, along side al-Nusrah Front or ISIS. Those identified as responsible for the fighters in Ibb, Taiz and al-Dhale also happen to be high profile figures with roots in each of those provinces in the Central Region. The area not only covers access to Bab al-Mandab, as opposed to the Gulf of Aden, but it is also a strong hold for Salafi elements.
The Central Region was identified as an area of priority for AAS to counter Houthi expansion, but the group had not previously expressed such interests. In contrast, ISIS has expressed fighting Iranian influence as a priority, along with its antagonism of Gulf monarchies. If indeed ISIS is responsible for AAS-CR as Yemeni analysts indicate, it would suggest ISIS is using a known brand, Ansar al-Sharia, to gain a foothold in the Peninsula and aims to take advantage of rifts within AQAP to cement that presence. It would also imply ISIS is taking the battle with al-Zawahiri out of Syria and challenging the leadership of the global jihad movement. Blogs now boast of the number of jihadist groups in Central Asia and Southeast Asia pledging allegiance to ISIS, providing further evidence of ambitions by ISIS.
Recent incidents in Sana’a have taken many by surprise, but the opening of new fronts by AQAP, as the army intensified its offensive in Abyan and Shebwa, was expected. This has renewed a lack of confidence in the government even as president Hadi and the armed forces gain support from a growing section of the population, from Sana’a to the conflict areas. The government and its international partners clearly have to gain the confidence of those affected at this time and assure people they will not be abandoned once victory comes, and that funds will be available to rebuild and help displaced people return home. Also, concerns remain over military and security capabilities to contain AQAP’s expected reaction when defeated in Abyan and Shebwa, as well as the ability of AAS to create more chaos in Aden, Lahj and Hadhramawt.
Weeks to come will be a great test to president Hadi’s resolve, international partners, and the people. Without a clear post-conflict strategy for the affected areas, people fear a vengeful return by AQAP and AAS. To prevent this will require access to funds for long-term troop presence, and perhaps new Popular Committees, as well as economic opportunities. Fighting a versatile enemy of the State in multiple fronts is a major challenge. Assuring long term security before discontented grows once again will be a monumental challenge.
finally after 10 years
AQAP leaders “are well aware they are the next target” for Houthis in Yemen AQAP recently bought so many guns, the prices rose. (Specific purchases arms and autos listed.)
AQAP receives funding via deposits in Qater Islamic Bank transfered to local branches, Saudi Arabia & cash carried in diplomatic pouches, small amounts are laundered by young people so it is indistinguishable from normal remittances.
AQAP’s Nabil al Dahab & Abu Khaled are training 163 foreign explosives experts in Yemen (Specific AQAP locations listed.)
Yemeni southern activists Anwar Ismail and Khaled al-Junaidi disappeared by security and at risk of torture: Amnesty
UA: 223/14 Index: MDE 31/009/2014 Yemen Date: 5 September 2014
fear of enforced disappearance of activists
Southern Yemeni political activists Anwar Ismail and Khaled al-Junaidi disappeared within days of one another. It is feared that they have been subjected to enforced disappearance by security forces and are at imminent risk of torture and other ill-treatment.
Anwar Ismail (38) and Khaled al-Junaidi (42) disappeared on 28 and 31 August respectively. Anwar Ismail went missing after a demonstration in the southern Yemeni city of Aden on 28 August where he was seen last, while witnesses say that Khaled al-Junaidi was taken from a gas station in Aden on 31 August after being beaten and dragged into an unmarked car by unidentified gunmen believed to be security agents.
Both activists have been detained by the authorities in recent months in circumstances similar to their current disappearances. Khaled al-Junaidi was arrested by the Special Security, also known as Central Security, on 21 November 2013 and held incommunicado for most of the 21 days of his detention. His family was informed of his whereabouts six days after his arrest. Anwar Ismail was arrested at least twice in 2014, including in early March, and claims to have been tortured by security forces. Both men were held for a period of time ranging from a week to three weeks before being released without charge or trial.
Anwar Ismail and Khaled al-Junaidi are leading activists in the Southern Movement, or al-Hirak, a coalition of political opposition groups in south Yemen that has been demanding secession from the north.
Please write immediately in Arabic, English or your own language:
Urging the Yemini authorities to reveal the whereabouts of Anwar Ismail and Khaled al-Junaidi and to ensure that they are protected from torture and other ill-treatment, and are immediately granted access to their family and a lawyer of their choice;
Urging that they are immediately moved to a recognized detention centre and promptly charged with a recognizable criminal offence, or else released immediately and unconditionally, and stressing that the peaceful exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly are guaranteed in international law.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 17 OCTOBER 2014 TO:
Minister of the Interior
His Excellency Abdu Hussein Muhsen al-Turab
Ministry of the Interior
Republic of Yemen
Fax: +967 1 514 532
+967 1 331 899
Salutation: Your Excellency
Governor of Aden
Waheed Ali Rasheed
PO Box: 6013, Khormaksar
Republic of Yemen
Fax: +967 2 224 6996
Salutation: Dear Mr Waheed Ali Rasheed
And copies to:
Minister of Human Rights
Her Excellency Houriah Ahmed Mashhour
Ministry of Human Rights
Republic of Yemen
Fax: +967 1 444 833
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below:
Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation
Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.
fear of enforced disappearance of activists
Protests in the south of Yemen have been taking place sporadically since 2007 when retired soldiers from the south launched protests complaining that they were not receiving the same treatment in employment, salary and pensions as soldiers from the north of the country. Since then, protests against discrimination against southerners gradually changed to demands for secession which continued after the ousting of the former regime in 2011.
The Southern Movement (also known as al-Hirak, a short form of its name in Arabic) is a loose coalition of political groups, many of whom call for the peaceful separation of southern Yemen, which was independent until its unification with the north in 1990. The Movement appears to have emerged following the 2007 protests and began to organize its own demonstrations over what it perceives to be the government’s failure to address discrimination against people from the south of the country.
The government’s response to these protests has been heavy-handed. Dozens of demonstrators have been killed in or near demonstrations; in many cases they appear to have been shot dead unlawfully when posing no threat to the lives of the security forces or others. Since the protests began in 2007, the security forces have arrested and detained, in many cases arbitrarily, thousands of demonstrators and bystanders, as well as leaders and activists of the Southern Movement.
Name: Anwar Ismail, Khaled al-Junaidi
Gender m/f: m
They are believed in Al-Sulaban Prison in Khormaksar in Aden.
Erem News: The brother of Khaled Junaidi indicates that security dragged his brother to “camp twenty” in the Directorate of Crater before introducing it to a large detention center in the Directorate of Khormakser “Alsolban.”
Aden – from the generosity of safety
Arrested by security force late Sunday evening, an activist in the southern movement demands the independence of South Yemen from North Khaled Junaidi in the province of Aden. brother said Junaidi network toss the news that the security force tracked his brother Khalid as he was leaving for a wedding party a friend to them in the Directorate of Crater and heading to one of the petrol stations and arrested him after beating him with rifle butts. added: “The security forces arrested the brother to a nearby camp in the district called Camp twenty before introducing it to Guantanamo large in the Directorate of Khormakser” Alsolban. ”
In the same context arrested a security force last Thursday night the leader of the Union of Southern Youth Anwar Ismail while on his way from the Directorate of Tawahi toward Crater where he lives with his family, and took him to the same prison in the Directorate of Khormakser. appealed to the families of the detainees civil society organizations and human rights organizations to immediately intervene for the release of their two sons, who said they had been subjected to torture in detention. and assume Junaidi and Asmai the leadership of the protest movement in Directorate Crater where settle down, and are implementing with some other activists in civil disobedience Directorate on Sunday of each week, the latest of which was on Sunday, where they had been cut streets and roads with stones and damaged tires and stopped traffic on impact.
Hardamout Tribal Confederacy rejects any corrupt deal with Nexen to settle environmental damage case
Update: also read this older news report (Ar) on the toxic lake in Shabwa
HTC statement: An Important Statement for Public Opinion: a Nasty Deal against Hadramout Made by RoY and Nexen Oil Company Regarding a Pollution Case.
Our reliable sources have revealed that there is a nasty compromising deal against Hadramout between the Republic of Yemen (RoY), represented by the Ministry of Oil and Minerals, and Canadian Nexen Company, the former operator of sector 14 in Gail Bin Yamain (Masila). The deal is to settle the issue of environmental pollution caused by Nexen in Gail Bin Yamain and its surroundings as a result of a case brought to the International Court in France for nearly two years by a group of Hadrami engineers and experts in the field of oil and the environment who raised and followed up this issue and formed a pressure on the RoY till a case was submitted to this International Court. The RoY has hired Clyde, a law firm, to plead on behalf of RoY.
A tender has been developed for specialized companies in the detection, examination and assessing the status of Oil wells (Audit) if they are in good conditions. Two companies have applied to this tender and they are 1- Intytech Inc. and 2- United Safety. The second firm was technically unqualified therefore it was excluded, and Intytech Inc. was chosen. But it seems that this choice was disliked and rejected by the Oil Mafia in Sanaa which canceled the subject of examination and assessing the status of Oil wells (Audit) permanently fearing of accusing Canadian Nexen Company which is their partner in plundering the wealth of Hadramout and causing pollution in the region.
In last Ramadan, Clyde, the law firm, has sent an expert in the field of pollution at its own expenses accompanied by a female lawyer of Clyde to Hadramout. This expert submitted a report and confirmed to the people who are interested in the case that the pleadings in the case will start in the month of August of 2014. Due to all of this momentum, Canadian Nexen felt the danger of this case and rushed, through its agents represented by Oil Mafia in Sanaa, to push towards an agreement on an illegal deal to close this case.
Unfortunately, Deputy Minister of Oil and Minerals, Dr. Ahmed Basireeh (Hadrami) has been sent to the French capital Paris on 30/08/2014 to settle this issue. This was published as an officially news (government delegation heading to France to resolve disputed issues with Canadian Nexen the former operator of sector 14 and the delegation was headed by Deputy Oil Minister Dr. Ahmad Basireeh). The delegation team included the Ministry of Oil and Minerals and Petromasila Company, the current operator of the sector 14. The strange thing is that Petromasila sent a person who is not a Hadrami and was not one of the engineers or specialists in the oil fields, and he is a Warehouse Manger in the company!!
If this deal is compromised, people of Hadramout are in deep troubles after the things are revealed to everyone as the local proverb explains it: The Guard is the Thief. They have to act as quickly as possible to condemn this disregard of their lives and their environment and to reject any settlement in this case.
We are in Hadramout Tribes Confederacy (HTC) definitely reject any settlement of this issue with Canadian Nexen, and any other issues pertaining to Hadramout only with the knowledge of all Hadrami’s. We are calling upon all of Hadrami’s- scientists, politicians, academicians, engineers, journalists, writers and civil society organizations and all the people of Hadramout to quickly move and stop what is going on and reject it and form a strong pressure on all levels.
We also warn the Canadian Nexen company to stop being manipulative in the case which condemns it and cannot escape it. We also reject its illegal agreements with the Oil Mafia and we consider these agreements invalid and we will prosecute them on these crimes committed against Hadramout. We call on Brother President Hadi to quickly stop the manipulation of what is happening to Hadramout and its human issues. We will let the entire world know what is happening in Hadramout from suppression and killing of its most important issues.
Hadramout Tribes Confederacy (HTC).
6th of September 2014.
Update: Government responds , says not settling case: Tuesday, 09-September -2014
Sana’a / Sheba
An official source at the Ministry of Oil and Minerals, the issue of environmental pollution with Canadian Nexen in front of international justice and there is no negotiation.
source explained in a statement (SABA) that the issue of environmental pollution resulting from the activity of the operator’s former sector 14 (Nexen) has been referred to eliminate before more than two years of arbitration in which after the rejection of Nexen reached to compensate for environmental impacts resulting from the activity of the company at that time and the arbitration proceedings ongoing and there is no negotiation in this regard between the ministry and the company and the issue raised before the judiciary.
confirmed that the Ministry of Oil and Minerals and the government will not give up its legitimate rights to compensation project under consideration before the international justice now.
said Source: The ministerial delegation, including the people of the province and the sons of the National Company (Petromcilh) will not be in any day against the interest of the people of the region, but work very hard to protect the rights and interests of the people of the concession area and the nation are year and are optimistic about the integrity of the international court to rule in favor of Yemen in the case of interest to all citizens. ”
and pointed out that the visit of the delegation of the Ministry of Oil and Minerals to Paris come in order to complete financial settlements existing and pending with Canadian Nexen Petroleum Yemen Ltd. operator former Sector 14 in Petromcilh and not to negotiate in the case of environmental pollution.
source explained that the delegation under the supervision of chartered accountant firm Deloitte & Touche task was to complete the financial settlement of the matters pending with Nexen in the field of customs data outstanding tax returns non-updated and cost recoveries and not in the case of pollution Albei..lavta that this chore is with the oil companies after reviewing their records through the legal references.
called source media and websites to the need to investigate the credibility and to seek information from their sources before publishing incorrect information ..mbdia his willingness to meet with people in the region for further clarification about the course of the case.